This is a short history of humankind - not the story of UnTied.
From good to what seemed better (at the time) but in fact (and with a Systems Theory perspective) has actually proved to be worse, in terms of fairness, stability and sustainability. Arguably we lost our dynamic equilibrium around 10,000 years ago.
The Slow Turning - or stuff that sounds great but in effect serves the "entitled" (the established, vested interests) and further enfeebles the disenfranchised - despite all the "opportunities" and routes to "success" that merely serve as lures to work harder.
From egalitarian, stable and sustainable to unequal, unstable and unsustainable.
3.4 million years ago - Tools - Man the toolmaker - Archive.org
1.8 million years ago - Hunter-gatherers - Wikipedia
Marshall Sahlins: The Original Affluent Society - Primitivism
James Suzman: Affluence Without Abundance: The Disappearing World of the Bushmen - Amazon
Review in New York Times
"Modern San (bushmen - hunter gatherers) struggle to cope in a market economy" Review in The Economist
"Why 'Bushman banter' was crucial to hunter-gatherers' evolutionary success - The Ju/’hoansi people of the Kalahari have always been fiercely egalitarian. They hate inequality or showing off, and shun formal leadership institutions. It’s what made them part of the most successful, sustainable civilisation in human history" - The Guardian
"The real roots of early city states may rip up the textbooks" Review in New Scientist
Elizabeth Marshall Thomas: The Harmless People - Amazon
Elizabeth Marshall Thomas: The Old Way: A Story of the First People - Amazon
".. the book is also a reminder that we ignore our biology and our environment at our peril. We are, after all, primates who depend on all the systems of the living planet for our survival." Review in The New York Times -
"The concept of trying to control nature belongs to the agricultural peoples, but not necessarily to those of the Old Way." Review in Macrohistory
Agustın Fuentes ONeill Associate Professor of Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame: Early humans on the menu - Notre Dame News
How Hunter-Gatherers Maintained Their Egalitarian Ways - Psychology Today
Hunter-gatherers and the mythology of the market - John Gowdy
800,000 years ago - Fire
Maybe once we had gained control of fire, this allowed us to move to colder climes. Perhaps then the need to store food for the winter prompted the idea of "this is mine and I'll kill to protect it"?
This stable model was about to end and a more exploitative model was beginning.
We began to compete against each other and against nature in what might be called the post-lapsarian time.
6,000 BCE - Use of copper
16 9,000–6,000 BCE - Money
4,000 BCE - Mining of metals - History World
3,800 BCE - Smelting of copper - History World
Hierarchy - The Evolutionary Origins of Hierarchy NCBI
Hierarchy is inevitable. - The Pipe Dream of Anarcho-Populism - The Evolution Institute
3,000 - 2,800 BCE - Taxes - Following of Horus, in Ancient Egypt - “when the pharaoh appeared before his people--and collected taxes.” - University of Pennsylvania Almanac: Taxes in the Ancient World
2,800 BCE - Smelting of metals and invention of alloys (the Bronze Age)
1,750 BCE - Usury "The Code of Hammurabi regulates the interest that can be charged on a loan. Historical records indicate that many loans were made below the legal limit." Wikipedia - Americans for fairness in lending - Gettysburg Economic Review - American Monetary Institute
"Assyria 859-612 BCE (247 years) Persia
538-330 BCE (208 years) Greece 331-100 BCE (231 years) Roman Republic
260-27 BCE (233 years) Roman Empire
27 BCE-180 CE (207 years) Arab Empire
634-880 (246 years) Mameluke Empire
1250-1517 (267 years) Ottoman Empire
1320-1570 (250 years) Spain
1500-1750 (250 years) Romanov Russia
1682-1916 (234 years) Britain
1700-1950 (250 years)"
From Sir John Glubb: THE FATE OF EMPIRES and SEARCH FOR SURVIVAL
These follow a pattern:
An interesting and chillingly familiar observation by Glubb:
"The heroes of declining nations are always the same—the athlete, the singer or the actor. The word ‘celebrity’ today is used to designate a comedian or a football player, not a statesman, a general, or a literary genius."
Beyond Today: The Life Cycles of Empires
500+ BCE - Chinese military strategist Sun Tzu writes “The Art of War”
509 BCE - Representative democracy - Wikipedia
1235 - Property: Enclosure acts - Wikipedia
1513 - Columbus and the Spanish "Requirement" - Wikipedia
1530 - The Spanish explorer Cabeza de Vaca wrote in his diary of seeing “soft” Native Indian males in Florida tribes dressing and working as women. - Newsmaven.
1532 - Codified political manipulation - Niccolò Machiavelli published The Prince “claimed to be one of the first works of modern philosophy, especially modern political philosophy, in which the effective truth is taken to be more important than any abstract ideal. It was also in direct conflict with the dominant Catholic and scholastic doctrines of the time concerning politics and ethics”
1604 to 1914 - Property: Inclosure acts - Wikipedia
1662 - Last sighting of a dodo - Wikipedia
1760 - Industrialisation - Wikipedia
1770 and 1788 - Australia (terra nullius) is "discovered" - "One man [Cook], standing on a small island, claimed ownership, for the Crown, of an entire, occupied continent." - Maenjin
1839–1842 and 1856–1860 - Opium wars - Wikipedia
1840 - Property is Theft! - Wikipedia
Commoditisation - Wikipedia
1877 - Taylorism - Wikipedia
1883 - Mass production - encyclopedia.com
1896 - Climate Change-1 - Svante Arrhenius publishes “On the Influence of Carbonic Acid in the Air upon the Temperature of the Earth” - Royal Society of Chemistry
1928 - Edward Bernays publishes Propaganda "the first book to discuss the manipulation of the masses and democracy by government spin and propaganda" aka marketing or as Bernays says "the engineering of consent", pre-dating Galbraith's "Synthesis of wants" by some years - Archive.org - The Conversation
1938 - Neoliberalism - Wikipedia
Neoliberal Economics - The Guardian
Chicago boys - Wikipedia
1944 - Karl Polanyi writes The Great Transformation in which he makes the distinction between real and fictitious commodities.
1952 - Synthesis of "wants" - marketing and consumerism - J K Galbraith
1956 - Peak oil (concept) - Wikipedia
Meritocracy - Wikipedia
Opportunities - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Equality of Opportunity
Success - Competition is for failures - Huffington Post
A L Kennedy - Winning - "Winning - isn't it great?" asks A.L. Kennedy. But she argues that our "winner takes all" mentality is suffocating democracy. "On both sides of the Atlantic, in regimes around the world", she writes, "we can watch the chaotic dissolution of administrations based on winning at any price". " The BBC R4
1967 and 1970 - Lewis Mumford publishes "The Myth of the Machine" - Wikipedia - in which he coined the term the Megamachine - The second volume, The Pentagon of Power highlights the 5 facets of the pentagon as:
See: RECOVERING LEWIS MUMFORD’S THE PENTAGON OF POWER by Danielle Carlo Review
1972 - Climate Change-2 - John Sawyer published “Man-made Carbon Dioxide and the Greenhouse Effect” Nature
1973 - Stockholm Syndrome - Wikipedia
1979 - Thatcher/Reagan-ism - The Economist
2014 - Ben Whitham writes The Neoliberal Way of War: A Critical Analysis of Contemporary British Security in Policy and Practice - Reading University
2018-06-22 - Cuba recognizes the right to own private property - The Star
Really want to know how bad it is? Margaret E. Atwood: It's not Climate Change - it's Everything Change
The World is Running Out of Sand - The Smithsonian
The next big crash - Market Watch
Air - The Guardian
Plastic - The Guardian
Loss of biodiversity - End Times Prophesy
Then there is also of course - Rising inequality - The Guardian
The traditional model for progress and success is clearly laid out in Glubb's The Fate of Empires and Search for survival - see above. In essence Rape, Pillage, Occupation, Subjugation, Exploitation, Enrichment (for the few), Decadence, Exhaustion - Repeat.
This approach worked when there was somewhere else to colonise. Today we don't have that luxury, so we need a reset. Looking through the above list, where did it all start to go awry? Given that we have not changed, psychologically, since the Stone Age, we cannot expect to change much now. We can only draw on ways of behaving that have worked in the past and try to learn the lessons.
The BBC: How our descendants will hate us
Ways of working together in a fairer more human way - Reinventing Organisations
Debunk the "Tragedy of the Commons" - P2P
Theory Y not X - Wikipedia
Restoration/regeneration of land and sea - Water Paradigm
Learn from the Hunter Gatherer ethos - see above